Under section 1(2) of the Early Parliamentary General Election Bill (due to receive Royal Assent today), the poll ‘is to be treated as a polling day appointed under section 2(7) of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011’. This engages section 1(4) of the Fixed-term Parliaments Act, which means that, with an early election taking place after May, the next election takes place four years from the following May. The next election is thus scheduled for May 2024.
The House of Commons will meet on Monday to elect a new Speaker. Whoever is elected will then have to stand in the election as ‘the Speaker seeking re-election’. They will then stand for re-election as Speaker, assuming they are returned at the general election, at the start of the new Parliament. The rationale for electing a Speaker now is that current MPs know the candidates. At the start of a new Parliament, new MPs are essentially unfamiliar with the candidates. Back in 1972, the Procedure Committee did recommend that Speakers retire mid-Parliament. That has not been the uniform practice.
The House of Commons is expected to assemble the week after the election for the purpose of electing a Speaker and for the purpose of swearing-in, with the Queen’s Speech taking place in January. The election of the Speaker on that occasion should be fairly short and formal. It would be a problem if the House opted to elect someone else in January than the person chosen as Speaker next Monday! There would thus be an MP returned as the Speaker seeking re-election who would no longer be Speaker.
Since the start of the 20th Century, there have only been three general elections held in December, all three in the first quarter of the century – 1910 (the second general election of that year), 1918 and 1922. (The 1918 election followed that of 1910.) There were four held in December in the 19th Century.